Martin Luther King, Jr.
Henry Julius (German: Heinrich Julius) (15 October 1564 – 30 July 1613) was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and prince of Wolfenbüttel from 1589 until his death. In 1576 he had become the first rector of the Protestant University of Helmstedt. Even though he was only twelve years old, he participated in theological debates among the faculty that were held in Latin. After finishing his study in law, he was employed by his father as a court judge. In 1589, when Henry Julius succeeded his father as ruler of Wolfenbüttel, he replaced Saxon Law by Roman Law, and instead of local nobles, lawyers with academic degrees now served as judges.
Henry Julius is not only known for the persecution of Jews and witches. In the years 1593 and 1594, he wrote eleven plays and invited Robert Browne (Jacobean actor) and his theatre company, who staged a shortened version of his “Susanna”. Also the other plays, five comedies, four tragedies, were not very successfu.
The churches Marienkirche (Hauptkiche Beatae Mariae Virginis), built during the 17th century, and St.-Trinitatiskirche (Trinity Church), built during the early 18th century.
Wolfenbüttel is smaller than the neighbouring cities of Braunschweig (Brunswick), Salzgitter, and Wolfsburg, but, because it was largely undamaged by the war, its downtown is rich in half-timber buildings, many dating several centuries back, and it still retains its historical character. Wolfenbüttel is located on the German Timber-Frame Road.
The composer Michael Praetorius, the writer Gottfried Wilhelm Sacer and the architect Paul Francke are buried in the church. The Fürstengruft below the choir contains the graves of 29 members of the ducal house of the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from the beginning of the 17th century to 1767.
Michael Praetorius (probably February 15, 1571 – February 15, 1621) was a German composer, organist, and music theorist. He was one of the most versatile composers of his age, being particularly significant in the development of musical forms based on Protestant hymns, many of which reflect an effort to improve the relationship between Protestants and Catholics.
Luther’s efforts to reform the theology and practice of the Catholic Church launched the Protestant Reformation in the German-speaking territories of the Holy Roman Empire. Beginning with the Ninety-Five Theses, first published in 1517, Luther’s writings were disseminated internationally, spreading the early ideas of the Reformation beyond the influence and control of the Roman Curia and the Holy Roman Emperor.
Lutherans believe that good works are the fruit of faith, always and in every instance. Good works have their origin in God,not in the fallen human heart or in human striving; their absence would demonstrate that faith, too, is absent.Lutherans do not believe that good works are a factor in obtaining salvation; they believe that we are saved by the grace of God—based on the merit of Christ in his suffering and death—and faith in the Triune God. Good works are the natural result of faith, not the cause of salvation. Although Christians are no longer compelled to keep God’s law, they freely and willingly serve God and their neighbors.
Gottfried Wilhelm Sacer (11 July 1635 – 8 September 1699) was a German jurist, poet, satirist and Protestant hymn writer. He worked as an advocate at the court of Wolfenbüttel. Johann Sebastian Bach used a stanza from his hymn “Gott fähret auf gen Himmel” to conclude his Ascension Oratorio.
Timber framing and “post-and-beam” construction are methods of building with heavy timbers rather than dimensional lumber such as 2″x4″s. Traditional timber framing is the method of creating structures using heavy squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs (larger versions of the mortise and tenon joints in furniture). It is commonplace in wooden buildings from the 19th century and earlier. The method comes from making things out of logs and tree trunks without modern high tech saws to cut lumber from the starting material stock. Using axes, adzes, and draw knives, hand-powered auger drill bits (bit and brace), and laborious woodworking, artisans or farmers could gradually assemble a building capable of bearing heavy weight without excessive use of interior space given over to vertical support posts. Since this building method has been used for thousands of years in many parts of the world, there are many styles of historic framing.
The German Timber-Frame Road (German: Deutsche Fachwerkstraße) is a German tourist route leading from the river Elbe in the north to Lake Constance in the south. Along this road are numerous cities and towns each with examples of the vernacular timber-framed houses traditional to the German states. The route is divided into seven sections, each of which follow the traditional areas of: Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Hesse, Thuringia, Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg. The total length is nearly 3,000 km (1,864 mi).
The German Timber-Frame Road runs to almost the entire length of Germany and therefore links many varied landscapes, historic cities and carefully restored sites and monuments. Numerous events, festivals and markets throughout the year are publicised as part of the route’s attractions
For me, Marienkriche is an old church at Wolfenbüttel and still they preserved. Marienkirche only near in Bus station or Bahnhof. Kornmarkt is the near bus station. You can walk from city hall or Rathaus to Marienkirche. Very nice City and I want to share more about Wolfenbüttel. I want to visit more tourist spot in Wolfenbüttel next time. From Salzgitter-Bad to Wolfenbüttel around 10-11 euro the Tageskarte or one-day ticket for 2 Person.
It’s first time for me to see a coffin buried inside the church. How about you? Do you have experience? Have you seen a coffin buried inside the church? They have big organ too and still working. The timber frame houses very artistic.
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From Joy’s Travel